History Of Art

Art is a fascinating subject of study for mankind. It is interesting to note how art, especially painting has gone through many stages in its evolution.
Here in this essay, I would like to trace the trajectory of art and it has progressed through realism, romanticism impressionism, expressionism, surrealism, cubism and pop art.Now, what is realism in art? Realism in art is the systematic representation of what is literally real. Art occurs in a mimetic mode of expression. Some famous works are the Mona Lisa by Da-vin-chi, the statue of David by Michelangelo and many more. What is unique about the charm of Mona Lisa is her mystical and enigmatic smile. The smile of Mona Lisa occupies an important heritage in the History of Art. The smile of Mona Lisa remains embedded in the soul as a transfiguring work of art. It makes the art historians speechless. What can be garnered from the statue of David Michelangelo? David can be understood as a humanism of aesthetic sculpture. It could also occupy a place in gay literature.Now what is Romanticism in art? The poet laureate William Wordsworth traces the philosophy of romanticism as the spontaneous overflow of feelings. A romantic image is an ideal one. Romanticism traces the imagery of an aesthetic object and expresses itself as an epitome of passion. A famous romantic work of art is Liberty Leading the people by Eugene Delacroix. This painting capitulates and becomes a historical subject of the French Revolution. Another famous work of Romanticism is Saturn devouring his son by Goya. It has an imagery of a metaphysical nature and shows the conception of time, an aura of time being in the experiential context. Another work of romanticism is Goya’s nude Maja. This panting captures a frenzy of emotion and bequeaths to the soul, an amorous adventure of beauty.Now what is impressionism in art? Impressionism captures the visual imagery in soaking impressions. Famous exponents of impressionism include Van Gogh, Monet and Gauguin. Now let’s look at Van Gogh’s painting the sower. In the sower, a farmer is planting seeds in the field. The colours of this work bright yellow and brilliant blue. Nature is captured in the kaleidoscope of a delirious art. The canvas becomes a mystical, magical, copulation of an adventure that is metaphysical and spiritual. Another one of Van Gogh’s work is the sunflower and in it he epitomizes the beauty of nature into a fetish of artistic poetry. Another impressionistic painter is Gauguin. A famous work of his is, the spirit of the dead watching a nude girl. In it there is an aura of a ghostly halo of figure replete with the transcendent imagery of tender lyricism. Another famous painter of this genre is Monet and he is famous for bequeathing the sun set. The imagery of the sun captured on to the canvas is a lyricism of invitation for a tender solitude.Now what is expressionism in the philosophy of art? Expressionism is the explosion of a powerful imagery of emotion. A classic example is Munch’s work, the Scream. The scream is a volatile expression of a human in angst. The scream is deigned to be work of art which encapsulates the existentialist philosophy of angst. The scream acts as a plague on the soul. Another work of expressionism is the sculpture of Rodin called the thinker. In the thinker, a man is portrayed deep in thought with his hands resting on his thighs. Rodin’s Thinker is a fetish of a narcissistic superego projecting the intellect. The thinker is a Nietzsche rendering the metaphysics of transcendence into nullification.Now what is Surrealism? Surrealism is an art form that seeks to uncover the unconscious and the depiction of imagery of the fantastic with reality. Famous exponents of surrealism are Dali and Delvaux. A famous surreal work of Dali is the persistence of memory. In it we find melting clocks on trees and also a frozen embryo. Is the persistence of memory a fetish of an oedipal arrest into the memory of a child? The Persistence of Memory can also be visualized as an image made by an artist trying to understand the conceptions of space and time. Let’s look at Delvaux work: the call of the night. In it there is a barren vegetation and one old and two young women with covered hoods. The older woman is holding a lamp and is outside a cave like structure. Is this panting an initiation into the rites of fertility and sexuality? Is the hood a revealer of the unconscious? Is the bareness of the landscape a sign of coming to terms with menopause? The call of the night is fantastic in its imagery and whispers to us to be edified with its artistic imagery.Now what is Cubism? The famous originator of Cubism is the notorious Picasso. I would like to explain his two famous works and they are the Guernica and the Whores of Avignon. The Guernica is reminiscent of the bombing of Basque town. In the Guernica, human and animal glyphs are made into a piracy of grotesque proportions. Is Picasso a perverse artist of fetish implants? Is it a magnificent projection of the Freudian ID? Does it arouse the imagery of horror? In it fact and fiction merge into an astounding realism. The next painting that I would like to talk about is Picasso’s Whores of Avignon. In it prostitutes are standing and also sitting. Their breasts and hips are exaggerated into hyperbolic, aesthetic artefacts. The mood of the painting is revelation of the sensuous and the amorous. Is Picasso using the feminine sacred and violating the body of the sacred feminine to deify the self-inflicted lust of being. The painting resembles the Mother Goddess with its robust sensuality and Epicurean carnality.Now what is Pop Art? Pop art traces the establishment of the trivial and daily life artefacts into the art of the natural mysticism. Pop art is the coming to terms with a reality that is postmodern. Pop art is the pulp art of fiction. Everyday objects are fictionalized into a reality that is aesthetic.To sum up, I would like to say: art has undergone a revolution from naturalism to many forms like romanticism, impressionism, surrealism, expressionism and pop art. Art is the imagery of the intellect to deflect and realize the symbiosis of encountering meaning. Art has proceeded from the real to the abstract.

Ten Tips for Comparing Health Care Policies

Australians already know that health coverage can provide security for individuals and families when a medical need arises. Many, however, do not know how to find the best value when comparing health insurance policies.Below are 10 tips everyone should read before shopping for private health coverage.1. Choose coverage that concentrates on your specific health needs, or potential health needs.The first thing you should do before comparing your health plan options is determine which policy features best fit your needs. A 30-year-old accountant, for instance, is going to need very different coverage than a 55year-old pro golfer, or a 75-year-old retired veterinarian. By understanding the health needs that most often correspond to people in your age and activity level group – your life stage – you can save money by purchasing only the coverage you need and avoid unnecessary services that aren’t relevant. For instance, a young family with two small children isn’t going to need coverage for joint replacement or cataract surgery. A 60-year-old school teacher isn’t going to need pregnancy and birth control-related services.Whether it’s high level comprehensive care you’re after, or the least expensive option to exempt you from the Medical Levy Surcharge while providing basic care coverage, always make sure you’re comparing health insurance policies with only those services that make sense for you and your family.2. Consider options such as Excess or Co-payment to reduce your premium costs.When you agree to pay for a specified out-of-pocket amount in the event you are hospitalized, you sign an Excess or Co-payment option that will reduce your health insurance premium.If you choose the Excess option, you agree to pay a predetermined, specific amount when you go to hospital, no matter how long your stay lasts. With a Co-payment option, you agree to pay a daily sum up to a pre-agreed amount. For example, if Joanne has an Excess of $250 on her medical coverage policy and is admitted to hospital, regardless of how long her stay turns out to be, she will pay $250 of the final bill. If Andrew has signed a $75×4 Co-payment with his provider, he will pay $75 per day for just the first the first four days of his hospitalization.For younger individuals who are healthy and fit with no reason to expect to land in hospital any time soon, either of these options are great ways to reduce the monthly cost of your medical insurance premiums.
Keep in mind that different private insurers have their own rules when it comes to Excess and Co-payments, including how many payments you will need to make annually on either option. It is important to read the policy thoroughly and ask questions in advance in order to have a clear understanding of what you are paying for, and what you can expect coverage-wise in the event that you are hospitalized. Also, make sure you choose an Excess option greater than $500 if you’re purchasing an individual policy, or $1,000 for family coverage, in order to be exempted from the Medicare Levy Surcharge.3. Pay your health insurance premium in advance before the cost increases.Each year insurance providers increase their premiums by approximately five percent sometime around the first of April, a practice approved by the Minister of Health. By instituting these annual increases, your health insurance provider retains the ability to fulfill their obligations to policyholders despite increasing medical costs.Most private medical policy providers allow policy holders to pay for one year’s premium in advance, which locks them into the previous year’s rate for an additional 12 months – a great way to save money. In order to take advantage of the savings offered, most insurers require payment in full be made within the first quarter of the year, between January and March.4. Lock in to low cost health insurance at an early age.The most obvious advantage any Australian can take when it comes to saving money on your insurance premiums is to buy in early to the least expensive rate available. And by early, we mean before age 31. Everyone who is eligible for Medicare will receive at least a 30 percent rebate from the government on the price of their health care premium, no matter what age you are. However, by purchasing hospital coverage before the July first following your 31st birthday, you can be ensured the lowest premium rate available.After age 31, your health insurance rate is subjected to a two percent penalty rate increase for every year after age 30 that you did not have health insurance. Therefore, if you wait to purchase private health coverage until you’re age 35, you will pay 10 percent more annually than you would have if you had purchased it at age 30.There are exemptions for some people who were overseas when they turned 30, or for new immigrants, and certain others under special exception status. However, if you purchased private insurance after age 30 and are paying an age loading penalty on your health coverage, you will be relieved of the excess penalty after 10 years of continual coverage.The earlier in life that you lock in to a private health plan, the more money you will save both immediately and over your lifetime.5. Choose a health care provider who already works with your health fund.Determine which hospital you prefer if and when the need for treatment does arise, and seek out those health insurance providers that have an agreement with your hospital of choice before making a decision on your health insurance purchase.It’s a good idea to also find out if your insurer has a list of “preferred providers,” which would include those physicians and practitioners who also have made arrangements with the health funds regarding their charges for services. Request this information from every provider when comparing health insurance policies. This way you can be sure you’ll receive the full gamut of benefits available at the lowest possible cost. These preferred providers often have “no gap” cover – special rates that reduce or eliminate out-of-pocket expenses to policyholders.6. Double check your health insurance policy before you schedule any treatment or procedures to make sure you have coverage.Any time you are headed to a private hospital for treatment, first check to see if the hospital and your health insurance provider have an agreement to be absolutely sure you have adequate coverage. At the same time, check with your insurance provider, physician and the hospital to see if there is a Gap between their fees and the government’s Medicare Benefits. This is extremely important because if your physician charges more than Medicare covers and you do not have a “no Gap” plan set up, you could find yourself responsible for a considerable bill. Simply contact your doctor and your insurance company to double check on these items, and avoid being saddled with an out-of-pocket expense your weren’t expecting.7. File your expense claims promptly.When you have a health insurance membership card, you can file a claim against your benefits at the time of treatment with no additional paperwork or filing to worry about, at least in most cases. Sometimes, you may still need to file a claim with your insurance provider. When that happens, make sure to file your claim promptly. The typical cut off for insurers to pay health care claims is two years. You can file your health insurance claim directly with your provider or at your area Medicare office, which has a reciprocal agreement in place with most insurance providers.8. Whenever you travel overseas, suspend your health coverage.Anytime you travel overseas for more than a few weeks but less than 24 months, certain medical insurance providers allow policyholders to suspend their memberships for the time they’re out of the country, freeing the policyholders from paying premiums during that time period. While your insurance policy is suspended, your Lifetime Health Cover status remains intact, so you do not have to worry about age loading added when you return home. Contact your health insurance provider to make sure of their policy and rules regarding waiting periods and re-activation.Remember too that Australia has reciprocal arrangements in certain countries, including New Zealand, Finland, Ireland, Italy, Malta, the Netherlands, Sweden and the U.K. For more information, visit http://www.smartraveller.gov.au.9. Review your policy benefits annually.Lifestyles change, individuals get married, have children, age – children grow up and move out on their own, couples separate. A lot can happen in the span of 12 months, which is why the Private Health Insurance Ombudsman recommends that everyone review their policy benefits once every year to make sure your coverage still fits your needs.Regardless of your life changes, your Lifetime Health Cover status remains protected, and waiting periods for benefits that equal your current coverage are waived in compliance with the Private Health Insurance Act of 2007. This means you will be able to file claims related to features you had before you made any changes without interruption in benefits.10. Compare policies to get the best price and the coverage you need.To make sure that you are getting the best possible price on your health insurance premium, you must compare policies from different insurers, Make sure you are comparing policies that reflect the treatment plan and coverage you need, without filler services that you won’t need. The more you know about private health coverage and government sponsored Medicare, the more likely you will find the best value for your money when it comes time to purchasing or renewing your health coverage.

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